Cocoa tree is a type of evergreen tropical tree that produces chocolate in the form of raw food before it is added sugar, fat and other accessories. It grows in specific regions, including Mexico and South America, from where most of the cocoa beans come. From the cocoa beans is produced cocoa powder, chocolate and cocoa butter. Cocoa is full of antioxidants, magnesium and nutrients that fill us with energy, make us healthy and happy.
From small flower to a large fetus
Cocoa is obtained from the fruit of the tree Theobroma cacao. This is high, evergreen tree that grows in shady areas of tropical rain forests at the equator. The flowers and later fruits of the cocoa tree grow directly from the trunk or older branches. The flowers are small, 1-2 cm in diameter, with pink calyx, fruits are larger. Cocoa beans are kept in large colorful pods that during the ripening become from green or reddish color, yellow or orange color.
Fruits are very different from its size, shape and texture, as their diameter ranges from about 10 cm up to 40 cm or more. Fruits in the form of balls for American football are very valuable as they contain 20 to 60 cocoa beans or grains which are hidden inside a snow-white so called pulp. Cocoa beans are used for the production of cocoa and chocolate products. Each grain contains a lot of fat and specific alkaloid Theobromine, after which the plant was given the scientific name.
Harvesting of cocoa tree is not limited to the season, but is harvested throughout the year, as on the same tree grow fruits of different stages of ripeness.
Cocoa a superfood that promotes mood
Cocoa contains the amino acid tryptophan, which promotes the production of serotonin, which promotes a sense of joy and may even help prevent mild depression. The advantages of the integration of cocoa consumption can be exploited by using cocoa in the following formats:
- Cocoa beans are the basis of all chocolate products. This super-seeds does not contain sugar, but contain protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamins B, C and E as well as many other nutrients. The high magnesium content in beans can increase the strength of the heart muscle, regulates our blood pressure and reduces the chance of blood clots and stroke. Magnesium from our body repels toxins and increases the alkalinity.
- Crushed cocoa beans can be a great addition to yogurt, sweets, drinks, etc.
- Cocoa powder is a known component of hot and cold drinks.
Cocoa butter is due to its nutritional and stability a common ingredient of cosmetic products. It nourishes dry skin, softens and makes it pleasantly scented. It has a beneficial effect on the care of the skin before and after sunbathing. It can be used for the production of domestic cosmetic products (lotion, body care products, soap etc. ).